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June 14, 2024 | EntertainmentGeneral

Legal Reviews for Late Night Shows: Ensuring Compliance and Integrity

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Late-night shows captivate audiences with their humor, wit, and often controversial commentary. Behind the scenes, a rigorous legal review process ensures that each episode adheres to legal standards, safeguarding the show from potential lawsuits. The legal review process involves several critical steps to ensure compliance and mitigate legal risks. Writers submit scripts, sketches, and monologues to the legal team, who review the content for potential issues such as defamation, copyright infringement, and invasion of privacy. Legal advisors meet with producers and writers to discuss flagged content, obtain necessary permissions for third-party materials, and provide real-time guidance during live broadcasts. Pre-recorded segments undergo a final legal review before airing, and post-production feedback is reviewed to prepare for future episodes. Writers and producers receive ongoing training on legal standards to maintain compliance, and detailed records of the review process are maintained to ensure compliance and protect the show’s integrity.

Common Legal Issues

Late-night shows must navigate a complex legal landscape to avoid lawsuits from outsiders. Common legal concerns include defamation, copyright and trademark infringement, right of publicity, false advertising, misappropriation, and breach of contract. False statements that damage reputations can lead to defamation lawsuits, while unauthorized use of copyrighted materials and trademarks poses significant risks. Shows often rely on the “fair use doctrine” which includes the right to use a copyrighted work under certain conditions without permission of the copyright owner, but this defense is complex and not always applicable. Using a person’s identity without permission can result in right of publicity claims, and false advertising and misrepresentation can lead to legal disputes and claims of misappropriation. Failure to fulfill contractual obligations with guests, sponsors, and other parties can result in lawsuits. To mitigate these risks, late-night shows must obtain clearances for third-party materials and conduct thorough pre-screening of all content before airing.

Evolution of the Legal Review Process

The legal review process for late-night shows has become more complex compared to the days of Johnny Carson or Jack Paar. Modern shows feature multimedia elements, satirical pieces, and interactive segments, requiring more rigorous legal reviews. Shows now have an extensive online presence, including social media and streaming platforms, which demands greater scrutiny for compliance with digital rights and defamation laws. For example, Former Rep. George Santos sued late night host Jimmy Kimmel for allegedly ‘deceiving’ him into creating Cameo videos. Santos sued under claims of fraud and copyright violation. The licensing agreement for the Cameo videos does not permit broadcasting the videos on national television, the lawsuit said. However, Kimmel’s team aired some of them on his show and later published them on social media, according to the lawsuit. The case is still ongoing, however the claims that are made in the 21st century differ greatly then those that have been filed in the past.

Related Bills and Legislation

Understanding the legal framework governing late-night shows is essential. Key legislations include the Communications Decency Act (CDA) Section 230, which protects online platforms from liability for user-generated content but has limitations for TV shows. The Copyright Act governs the use of copyrighted material, including the “fair use doctrine,” which is often a defense in parody and satire. The Lanham Act covers trademark infringement and false advertising claims, while right of publicity laws vary by state but generally protect against unauthorized commercial use of a person’s identity. Defamation laws protect individuals and organizations from false statements damaging their reputation.

Conclusion

Legal reviews are critical in preventing potential liability, showcasing the proactive steps taken by late-night shows to ensure compliance. These measures help maintain the integrity of the show and build trust with the audience, ensuring that content is both entertaining and respectful of legal boundaries. The commitment of late-night shows and their creators to ethical and legal standards in entertainment highlights their dedication to responsible broadcasting and content creation.

Contributions to this blog by Lily Harrison.

 

 

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